Moulds, also known as fungi or mildew, are living organisms that are neither plants nor animals.
There are many different species of mould-Cladosporium the species most commonly found outdoors are also common to water-damaged buildings.They reproduce by releasing millions of very small spores and through the spread of mycelial fragments. These spores and mycelia fragments are carried by air currents, settle on different surfaces, and grow in the presence of a food source and moisture.
We are all exposed to moulds, both indoors and outdoors, on a daily basis, usually without ill effect. The indoor levels in buildings without water damage are normally lower than outdoor levels. In spring and autumn, or during extended periods of wet weather, the airborne mould levels in outdoor air normally increase and may aggravate allergies, including asthma, in sensitive individuals.
The purpose of mould & mildew remediation is to: “correct the moisture problem and to remove mouldy and contaminated materials to prevent human exposure and further damage to building materials and furnishings”. Mould remediation involves the clean‐up of both moisture and mould, with the goal of returning the structure and contents as closely to the pre‐damaged condition as possible. The scope of remediation activities depends on the extent of water damage and mould contamination, ranging from surface mould removal by an occupant, to an extensive structural renovation requiring a team of skilled professionals-particularly flood damaged properties .
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